In the pages of history Subhas Chandra Bose is a name that is associated with our emotions. He believed in a philosophy to work together with every people in the society. And because of this unique quality of him, his life inspires millions of people in our country. But we do not talk of the Muslims who helped this great leader to become our ‘Netaji’. Due to the narrow mindset of our political leaders, and caste based social system many were excluded from the history of India’s struggle for freedom, a history that soaked in blood. Though, it is true and factual history that plays a pivotal role in paving the way for a beautiful nation.
Subhas Chandra was as if the heart of the Azad Hind Fouj, while Major Abid Hossain, an army general, was the head to that body. And he was the man with whom Subhas Chandra fled to Germany by submarine in disguise. Like a person who was doomed to be hanged, he escaped to Tokyo, boarding on a skiff. That history never ceases to amaze us.
Not only as his fellow worker, but revolutionary figure like Habibur Rahman and Colonel Shah Nawaz Khan were among the revolutionary leaders who served as commander in the Azad Hind Fouj. Among other prominent revolutionary Muslim leaders was General Mirza Anayet Ali Baig. Abdul Mazid served as the commander in the Army.
Here one should not think that Muslims were all in all. Actually, being a conscious and patriot citizen, it is our responsibility to disclose the untold, veiled history of our freedom fighters.
Maulana Obaidullah Sindhi was the man who initiated Netaji to India’s freedom struggle; Historian Suprakash Roy named him as ‘Obedullah’.
He sent Subhas Chandra Bose outside the country in disguise with various names. And it is he who gave Subhas Bose the name Maulana Zia Uddin.
When this great revolutionary leader (Netaji Subhas) was expelled from the country, at that critical hour, he went to Germany, Japan, France, Kabul and other places. He organized everything in a diplomatic manner to ensure that his fellow representative can go there afterward without facing any hardship as such.
Besides, in every place, wherever he went, he made disciples and friends and thus created a favourable momentum towards India’s independence. There he interacted and kept promises with whom, most of them were leaders and administrators.
Subhas Bose aka Maulana Zia Uddin, a Bengali persona, got a place in history after so much efforts were put. But how our successors, our children will come to know about the man who was Subhas’ mentor, the leader who guided Netaji, Maulana Obaidullah; no means is served to reckon him in the history.
To unfold that an omitted chapter of history before 130 crore countrymen is not the sole responsibility of the historians, but every learned citizen of this country should bear that responsibility.
In this regard, I am quoting a letter which Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first education Minister of independent India wrote to Maulana Zahirul Haque (Deenpur) in Urdu, from Delhi, on September 15, 1947, which was published in ‘Insaniat’, a magazine edited by Mr. Mohammad Tahir after it was translated by Maulana Abdul Kader, a friend of Maulana Azad- “Respected Moulana Zahirul Haque Assalamualaikum. I congratulate you for the letter you sent conveying greetings for the Independence. The letter brings back the memories of Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi. That was a long story, even to tell the story in brief, it requires a long time. In 1814, during the world war, Maulana Mahmudul Hassan, who was the group leader of Maulana Oliullah, in a tough situation sent him to Kabul. There in Kabul, Maulana Ubaidullah had the opportunity to work with many political leaders. Many of these leaders later hold powerful positions in Germany, France and Japan….
After serving 25 years in exile, in 1939, when he returned to India, the World war already begun. He presented his own planning before the Congress and formed the National programme portfolio. During that time, Gandhiji opposed his recommendations. However, he approved the ‘Quit India’ movement part. Once, I had the opportunity to meet him in a tea-party. Seeing him tensed and contemplating over something, which was very apparent from his eyes and appearance, I couldn’t resist but questioned him. He replied, “I would like to send Subhas abroad.” After maintaining silence for a few minutes, he left for his home at Ukhla…
On a second occasion, on his way to Delhi from Ukhla, an eight miles journey, he happens to meet with Subhas at a remote area. Then they met again in Ballygounge area. From there he sent Subhas for Japan. As an interim-minister he also sent an especial and confidential letter addressing the Government of Japan. On account of this, as soon as Subhas reached Japan, the army there had shouldered trust upon him.
On 1st April, 1945, after one year and nine days it was officially declared that Maulana had been killed.
In fact, if we weigh a revolutionary leader like him, putting on one side of the balance, and if we put the whole world on the other side, it will never be enough to level balance…
To your mother my respect and Salm. Yours– Abul (Azad).”
This letter about Maulana Obaidullah Sindhi, the mentor of Netaji, by Abul Kalam Azad was quoted in “Chepe Rakha Itihas” (The Suppressed History), a book written by Historian Golam Ahmed Mortaza.
The political stature of Maulana Obaidullah, who was also the leader of many leaders, was downplayed. Even Maulana Mahmudul Hasan, who was also a guardian figure for Maulana Obaidullah was not evaluated too.
Mohammad Habib dedicated all his hard-earned wealth to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. He sacrificed his family life and joined Azad Hind Fouj for the freedom of the country.
Raja Habibur Rahman was the main assistant of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. He accompanied Netaji in his tour to Singapore. This brave revolutionary leader from Panjeri, Bhimber district in Jammu and Kashmir fought against the British from his student days. He helped in forming Netaji’s National Army and in its consolidation and making it loyal.
To attain independence in the subcontinent he sacrificed his life. Worked as Netaji’s driver, cornel Nizam Uddin had become a trusted companion of him. But, devoid of lime-light, on February 2017, he passed away at the age of 116. Under the leadership of Netaji, as a cornel of Azad Hind Fouj he fought on behalf of the Axis force.
Born in Uttar Pradesh in 1901, he was one of the trusted aids of Netaji. He followed Netaji’s ideology throughout his life. And for the sake of India’s independence he did everything that was possible for him.
He assumed the role of Netaji’s driver, and at other times, when required, he took arms in his hands against the Britishers. In 1942 he fled India from Azamgar and joined the British Army in Singapore. After that he joined the Azad Hind Fouj under the leadership of Netaji. It may be noted that, in 20014 while campaigning at Varanasi Modi met with Colonel Nizamuddin and sought for a blessing touching his feet.
To our surprise, it is an irony of Indian history that those who had sacrificed their lives for the cause of the country, they remain excluded. Nation-state did not take recognition of them in the history!
Is it not betrayal with our Independence history that is attained with the expanse of their blood? Why religious and political identities are considered to give the revolutionary leaders their places in the pages of history? Modern India wants the answers from its own state.