TDN World Desk: The Annual income of the farmers has stood at 2,90000, claims Mamta Banerjee. Yet, a larger number of minority students who dropped out of schools in the state are from the agrarian families.
A study conducted by Central government with the coordination of West Bengal government publishes the report. All these three districts are prominently minority populated area. In these three districts the study report has totally nullified Mamta Benarjee’s claim.
To pinpoint the cause of rise in school dropouts, the National Productivity Council reports abject poverty of the parents, the increased tendency to leave places in search of jobs as the main reasons that force the children and boys of the poor and minority community families to become school dropouts. In case of West Bengal, the council has put down their observation in the 9th column – In order to find out jobs may families left home for cities. And the children of these families have to remain as school dropouts.
Crisis in Agriculture and due to unemployment, the life of future generations are being shattered. And a great amount of them are from minority community.
This month, the report reaches to the minority development and Madrasah Education Board. The report is carried out under the title- “STUDY TO FIND OUT THE HIGH DROPOUT RATES AMONG ALL MINORITY COMMUNITY”, In 2017, a study was conducted in 11 states – Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Gujarat, Kerala and Punjab. Across these 11 states the Natural Productivity Council conducted a study to examine the circumstances of the students. In this venture, they also took assistance from the concerning state governments. And this decision was taken by Central Ministry of Minority Affairs. The report examines the cases of all the students between 2013 to 2017. The report also took consideration of the information about the overall condition of the states. Apart from this, the report also took account of some particular districts in every state including 3 districts in Assam, 4 districts in Bihar, 2 districts in Hariyana, 2 districts in Jharkhand, 4 districts in Maharashtra, 7 districts in Rajasthan, 8 districts in Uttar Pradesh, 3 districts in West Bengal, 2 districts in Gujarat, 2 districts in Punjab and 2 in Kerala. The report was put in four categories that include the farmer, the businessman, the day laborer, land-laborer and the student. An official of Minority Affairs at Nabanna said Friday, “the tendency of being school dropouts is high in the labor families. Even dropped out can be found among the farmers and business families. At some places the dropout rate in the business families can be found 12 percent”.
The three districts that the observation committee has examined in West Bengal are in measurable conditions. According to the report, between 2016 to 2017 the male students in Malda district has reduced by 8 percent while the female students reduced by 4 percent. At the Higher Secondary level, the rate of the decrease in female students is 6.5 percent and the male students decreased by 4.5 percent. Comparatively in these two years, in Murshidabad the rate is much higher- the male students decreased by 11 percent and the female by more than 5 percent. During this two year of time frame in North Deenajpur male student decrease rate at primary education level is around 7 percent and female student is around 3 percent. Over all student dropout rate among the minority community is upto 16 percent.
The committee has studied that many people leave villages and move to the cities in search of jobs. And the children of these families are deprived of education. In Malda district those who are school dropouts’ 20 percent of them are from families with agricultural background and 79 percent of them are children of labourers. In North Deenajpur the percentage stands at 22 and 77. Around 20 percent student who are school dropouts in Murshidabad are from families with small business backgrounds. Even 12 percent children of the service holder minority families are school dropouts. And 50 percent Among farmers. Students who are dropouts after attending tenth standard in the minority community are mostly from the families of farming and labor backgrounds – 92 percent in Maldah district and and around 73 percent in Murshidabad and around 93 percent in North Deenajpur.
Plenty of money have been spent for festivals, in hoardings and festoons of Chief Minister. But all the students are not provided with basic infrastructure like chair, table in the minority areas. To pursue their education, they are to sit on classroom floors. The report-maintained shortages of infrastructure set ups. At primary education level a lot of student attend classes sitting on floors -in Malda (33 percent), Murshidabad (33 percent) and in North Deenajpur (25 percent).
Many teacher-posts are vacant. The report evidently shows that. For instance, at upper-primary level in Malda 33 percent teacher’s post are vacant, in Murshidabad 29 percent posts are vacant. At secondary level in these two districts there are around 33 percent teaching posts are left vacant. At higher secondary level, 33 percent in Malda, 35 percent in Murshidabad, 11 percent teacher posts in North Deenajpur are kept vacant. At primary school level, 42 percent teachers in Malda district do not have trainings, in Murshidabad 17 percent, North Deenajpur 34 percent. Percentage of lack of trained teachers at higher secondary schools in Malda account for 12, in North Deenajpur 45. At Madhyamik level school’s 34 percent teachers don’t have training.
But, in the 21st century, after so many years of independence, why the minority people are not having proper education, why the educational structure is so poor?
Can the government simply shun the question aside? Questions are being raised.